What happened seventy years ago in Khalkin Gol?

This year is 70th anniversary of Victory over Japanese invaders in Khalkhin Gol. In 1939, joint Mongolian-Soviet military repulsed Japanese military force supported by Inner Mongolian cavalry which attempted to occupy the Khalkin Gol area in Eastern Mongolia.
Khalkhin Gol is a river in eastern aimag of Dornod that borders with China. In 1939, Inner Mongolian cavalry troops loyal to Japanese started to cross the Mongolian border in Khalkhin Gol and frequent skirmishes occurred between them and Mongolian border guards. Inner Mongolian cavalry consisted of Barga Mongolians and were armed by Japanese. Japanese military promised to Inner Mongolians that they will liberate Mongolia from Soviets and Communists and help unite Inner Mongolia with greater Mongolia. Light border skirmishes between Mongolians from Mongolian People’s Republic and Inner Mongolia set the start of far greater conflict between Japanese military and Soviets. Anticipating military clash, Soviets brought large military force under the command of then young but brilliant commander Zhukov who eventually became Commander-in-Chief of the Red Army during World War Two.
Joint Mongolian and Soviet forces encircled the Japanese troops that invaded the area. After fierce fighting, the Japanese surrendered. Japanese and Inner Mongolian casualties numbered 45000 and Soviet and Mongolian loss were 17000 men. In Mongolia this war is termed as “Undeclared War” as Japan or Manchuko, Japanese puppet state which the Inner Mongolia belonged never officially declared war on Mongolian People’s Republic.
After testing Soviet military might in Khalkin Gol with much human loss , Japanese military never again attacked Mongolia or Siberian region of the Soviet Union.



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