Livestock population decreases 27.7 percent

Total number falls from 44.0 to 31.8 million

Northern aimags suffering from winter weather On December 31, the State Emergency Commission held its last meeting of 2010 and discussed the weather forecast. Currently, over 60 percent of Mongolia’s territory is covered with snow, especially Bayan-Ulgii, Khovd, Uvs, Zavkhan, Khovsgol, Uvurkhangai, Orkhon, Darkhan-Uul, Selenge, Tuv, Khentii, Dornod and Sukhbaatar aimags. The situation may get worse in 86 soums of 15 aimags and 100 head of livestock have perished. The required hay and fodder have been  delivered to areas that suffered most.
After hearing the report, M. Enkhbold, Deputy Prime Minister and head of State Emergency Commission, instructed relevant organizations to punctually spread weather forecast news, constantly seek information about natural calamities in regions, have the emergency organization and its branches put on full alert, and continue to deliver warning news.
Apart from this, governors of aimags and Ministers were asked to satisfy reliable operations of energy organizations and not to cut hot and cold water in apartments and offices.
The State Emergency Commission also warned herders to get their livestock fences, and yards in good condition, pasture their animals in nearby areas, and not send their children to pasture animals to prevent them from freezing.

For the first time in the last 5 years, sheep outnumber goats in Mongolia
According to preliminary results of a livestock census, 31,828,900 head of stock was counted nationwide at the end of 2010. This number was 12,191,000 thousand head of stock (27.7 percent) less than in 2009. Most of the animals were lost in Zavkhan, Dundgobi and Arkhangai aimags. According to the Statistics law of
Mongolia and a government resolution, a livestock census is organised every year - livestock represents the national wealth of this country. The livestock census of 2010 started in December in nine districts of the capital city and in 21 aimags and the preliminary results were reported on December 23. The National Statistics Committee reported that the horse population was 1,860 thousand, cattle population 2,123 thousand, camel population 265 thousand, sheep population 14 million and goat population 13,528 thousand.
For the first time since 2005, the goat population was less than sheep. Goats accounted for almost half of the total livestock loss, that is 6,100 thousand.
Severe winter, unfavorable climate conditions, heavy snow, dzud, and livestock epidemic outbreaks were reasons for the loss of more than ten  million head of animals.
The goat population increased nationally only in one province and decreased in 20 aimags and the capital city. If goats previously made up the overwhelming majority of livestock, then the present figures might be related to the fact that goats have recently been slaughtered for meat,  sold and reserved by thousands of tones. It was observed that Chinese merchants were buying meat in all food markets at high prices and herders are interested to sell them their stock for a good price. Compared to previous years, the number of all five kinds of livestock only increased in Sukhbaatar Aimag and decreased in other provinces and the capital city. Dundgovi, Zavkhan and Uvurkhangai aimags lost 1.1 – 1.7 million head of livestock. The headcount of animals increased in 35 soums and in one district, but in 294 soums and 8 districts it had gone down. The overwhelming majority oflivestock was counted in Khuvsgul(3,72 thousand), Tuv aimag (2,700 thousand), in Arkhangai (2,631thousand), Bulgan (2,211 thousand)and in Khentii province (2 million).Tuv Aimag leads in the number of horses (200 thousand), Umnugovi Aimag leads in camel numbers (83 thousand), Khuvsgul Aimag leads in the number of cows, goats and sheep the ( 309 thousand, 1,348 thousand and 1,265 thousand respectively).
On January 10, the National Statistics Committee will release the final results of the livestock census
source: 'The Mongol Messenger' newspaper


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