By Mayo Ozaku
On February 16, signing ceremony for an agreement between Mongolia and Japan was held at the Ministry of Mining. According to the agreement, the demonstration project for a dry coal preparation system in Mongolia will apply Japanese technology.
Mongolia and Japan agreed to cooperate in the resource and energy area and signed a memorandum three years ago. Since then, both the governments and private companies in each country have conducted investigations. Finally, they agreed it was possible to realize their corporation.
“I’m sure this progress will make a big contribution to the development of our country. This ecological and economical new system is very useful, especially in dry places, such as the Gobi” said Mongolian Mining Minister R.Jigjig at the beginning of the ceremony. In order to use coal as resource, it has to be sorted into low and high density. This process is called “preparation” . The conventional coal preparation, called “water-based technology”, requires a large amount of water which is very scarce resource in Mongolia.
To address this problem, NECO (Nagata Engineering Co Ltd) implemented a dry coal preparation system. NECO is a Japanese company that designs and makes industrial equipments. It is entrusted by NEDO through this project. This new technology doesn’t need water and saves 20% on energy than before.
Of course, it keeps quality as high as conventional methods. According to the project overview, plants to be built at the Tavan Tolgoi coal mine and in the South Gobi are planned to produce 300, 000 tons of coal per year. The whole project is expected to be concluded in two years. EMC (Erdenes Mongol LLC) will take responsibility for this project, under the Ministry of Mining.
The leadership of Japanese side in this agreement is NEDO (New Energy and industrial Technology Development Organization). NEDO is one of the largest public research and development management organizations in Japan. It was established to address energy and global environmental problems, and enhance industrial technology in 1980.
In 1992, it cooperated with Mongolia for the first time to install solar panels on Gers. The Executive director Munehiko Tsuchiya attended the ceremony and talked “ I hope our technological cooperation will work well not only for industry and the economy, but also for friendship between two countries.”
Takenori Shimizu, Ambassador of Japan to Mongolia also attended the ceremony and gave a speech in Mongolian language. The head of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy of Ministry of Economy , Trade and Industry from Japan also made a comment. He mentioned that the dry coal preparation system enables Mongolia to add value to their coal and export it worldwide. He also emphasized the tasks Mongolia will have to accomplish in the future.
It is required that Mongolia proves the validity of the new system spreads an understanding among people. After signing, the ceremony was closed with a warm applause.